US women's soccer team files gender bias suit claiming unequal pay
Twenty-eight members of the U.S. women’s soccer team have sued the U.S. Soccer Federation for alleged unequal pay and treatment.
The suit says the women are paid less than those on the men’s team, even though they have a better winning record, including world championships. The suit also alleges unequal spending on coaching, medical personnel, marketing, training and travel.
The U.S. Soccer Federation “has stubbornly refused” to treat its female athletes the same as men, and it has even gone so far as to claim that market realities justify differing treatment, the suit says.
The federation “admits to such purposeful gender discrimination even during times when the [women’s national team] earned more profit, played more games, won more games, earned more championships, and/or garnered higher television audiences,” the suit says.
The suit alleges violations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and the Equal Pay Act.
The suit faces some hurdles because the men’s and women’s teams have differing pay structures that are governed by collective bargaining agreements, according to the New York Times. “The men receive higher game bonuses when they play for the United States, but are paid only when they make the team,” the Times explains, “while the women receive guaranteed salaries supplemented by smaller match bonuses.”
One of the biggest differences in compensation is determined by world soccer’s governing body, FIFA, the Times says. The bonus pool for 32 men’s teams participating in the World Cup is $400 million, while the bonus pool for the 24 participating women’s teams is $30 million.
The women are represented by Jeffrey Kessler of Winston & Strawn, who has represented other athletes in labor cases. He had represented some of the soccer plaintiffs in their complaint filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which issued a right-to-sue letter in February.