Health Law

At least 15 states grant lawsuit protection to long-term care facilities during pandemic

  • Print

gavel and stethoscope with coronavirus words

Image from

The American Health Care Association is leading a lobbying effort to protect nursing homes and long-term care facilities from legal liability during the COVID-19 pandemic.

At least 15 states have granted some lawsuit protection to these facilities as a result of laws or governors’ orders, the Associated Press reports. The move comes as novel coronavirus deaths in nursing homes and long-term care facilities have reached more than 20,000, according to the Associated Press.

The protections vary, but they usually protect nursing homes from simple negligence for injuries, deaths and care decisions during the pandemic. Suits are generally allowed for gross negligence, actual malice and willful misconduct, according to Bloomberg Law’s past coverage.

States that have enacted lawsuit protection include Alabama, Arizona, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, Nevada, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wisconsin, according to the AP.

Some states have enacted laws and executive orders that immunize health care providers but don’t specifically mention nursing homes. Heidi Li Feldman, a professor at the Georgetown University Law Center, told NBC News that protection for health care providers will likely protect nursing homes, too.

The new law in New York immunizes hospitals and nursing homes from claims of ordinary negligence for providing care during the COVID-19 crisis, the New York Law Journal reports in an article written by two experts. The facilities are also immune from criminal liability.

Immunity does not apply to “willful or intentional criminal misconduct, gross negligence, reckless misconduct, or intentional infliction of harm.”

The law specifically says any actions taken as a result of staffing shortages or supply shortages are entitled to protection.

Critics say nursing homes should be held accountable for deficiencies, such as staffing shortages and poor infection control, that were a problem even before the pandemic.

Among the critics is Richard Mollot, executive director of the Long Term Care Community Coalition, which advocates for nursing home residents, NPR reports.

“Providing blanket immunity to nursing homes for any kind of substandard care, abuse or neglect is an extremely poor and dangerous idea anytime, and particularly so in regard to COVID-19,” Mollot told NPR.

Give us feedback, share a story tip or update, or report an error.